The Life of Lieutenant Michael P Murphy

Not everyone is born a warrior. It takes a lot of commitment and courage to look death in the eyes on a daily basis like combat troops in the military do. Most importantly, it takes a special breed of human being to die for that they believe in. Michael P. Murphy has exemplified all the above. Perished Navy SEAL, Michael P. Murphy is a man of honor, courage and commitment. His selfless acts had save the life’s of his teammates in combat. He is a true national hero that has bled red, white, and blue.

They say heroes are born not made. Lieutenant Murphy, born on May 7th, 1976 in Smithtown, New York, is a perfect example of a born hero. Even as a child, it was very obvious that Michael was an individual that displayed many great physical and mental qualities. Garry Williams, author of SEAL of Honor called Michael’s traits the, “Seeds of Greatness.” Michael was a very curious and adventurous child. He was always getting in to things, much to the dislike of his mother. Before Michael was even two years old, he jumped into a swimming pool. His mother ran over and saw him underwater with a huge smile on his face. While his mother, Maureen, was telling him that he was not allowed in the water without a life jacket, he did it again, safely swimming to the side with a huge grin on his face (Williams 33). Because of Michael’s lack of fear, he and his parents made frequent trips to the emergency room for stitches. In SEAL of Honor, written by Gary Williams, Williams notes that during one particular emergency room trip, Michael’s dad, Dan, said, “Thank God I was a prosecutor, because I am sure otherwise they would have thought this kid was being abused.”

Along with his courage and fearlessness, traits commonly held in high regards amongst seals, Michael also was very selfless and willing to help others. He commonly played the “protector” role (Williams 39). When Michael was ten years old, his younger brother John would enter the world. Although many kids may feel jealousy towards a new child in the house, Michael was a polar opposite. He was extremely happy when John arrived and immediately became protective over him, commonly helping him out and being there for him at all times. However, this protective attitude and instinct was not limited to kin. Michael was always helping kids that were being bullied, helping animals, and putting people at ease in stressful situations. The desire to live a life of serving and helping others allowed Michael to thrive in some of the toughest military training in the world.

The above traits would prove to be a very important factor in Michael’s military training and career. SEAL training puts extreme physical demands on the body. But more importantly, SEAL training tests mental strength. The real question at SEAL training is, “How bad do you want it?” Hundreds of star athletes that shine with physical dominance drop out within a few days of SEAL training. Michael was a great athlete, but most importantly he had a mental edge that came naturally to him. Michael did not want to become a Navy SEAL because it’s a “badass job,” Michael wanted to become a Navy SEAL because he felt like it was his duty to protect and defend the United States. He wanted to make sacrifices that not many could not make, and he wanted to go above and beyond the call of duty. As a New York resident, the terrorist attacks really hit home. So much in fact that Michael would wear a New York City Fire Department patch on his uniform in times of combat. In Michael’s eyes, many great men died on that day, and he wanted revenge.

After high school, Michael decided that he would attend college at Pennsylvania State University. He would graduate with honors with two degrees in political science and psychology. Michael’s father had always wanted him to pursue a lucrative degree in law, and after getting accepted to several prestigious law schools, Michael was well on his way. However, Michael had other plans; despite his skeptical parents. Michael had decided to apply to Navy Officer Candidate School, and unsurprisingly, he was accepted. After the completion of Officer Candidate School, Michael’s journey to become a part of America’s most highly trained military unit began.

Michael began his SEAL-hopeful journey with Basic Under Water Demolition School – Class 236 in January of 2001. During this training, SEAL-hopefuls are under maximum physical and mental stress. Michael still thrived in this environment. Day in and day out, the training men were pushed to their limits. Average days involved hundreds and hundreds of pushups, sit-ups, and various other bodyweight exercises, made more difficult and miserable by the freezing cold Pacific waters and gritty sand of Coronado California, home of Navy Special Warfare. SEAL trainees were constantly told by their instructors to get, “wet and sandy!” After being told this, the trainee was required to run to the freezing surf, dive in, and roll around in the sand. Trainees were constantly kept cold and uncomfortable.

Despite all this physical and mental stress, Michael Murphy succeeded and graduated from Basic Under Water Demolition School. After graduation, Michael attended Army jump school, SEAL Qualification Training, and SEAL Delivery Vehicle School. Upon completion of those courses, Michael earned the Trident, the mark and badge of a United States Navy SEAL. The Trident is highly sought after by many, but earned by few. Michael had officially joined the SEAL Teams.

Upon becoming a U.S Navy SEAL, Michael was quickly deployed to various and often times confidential locations. He deployed multiple times to Iraq and Afghanistan in his SEAL career as an assistant officer in charge. The SEALs were always on call and always conducting missions. Unfortunately, Michael would give his life on June 28, 2005 in support of a mission designated as, “Operation Red Wings.”

Operation Red Wings was an operation that was to be completed by a four-man reconnaissance SEAL Team. Michael, along with fellow SEALs Danny Dietz, Marcus Luttrell, and Matthew Axelson were the Seals assigned to complete this operation. The objective of the operation involved scoping out and eliminating a high-value Taliban leader. On the night of June 28, 2005, the above SEALs fast roped out of a Chinook helicopter, and the operation was in full effect (Luttrell).

The operation began with a lot of slow tedious maneuvering through rocky, mountainous terrain. Hours into the mission, after finding a place to sit back and scope out, the SEAL team was discovered by a group of goat herders. After debating whether or not they should kill the goat herders to save the mission, or to spare them, morals led the men to release the herders. The herders departed, and the SEAL Team remained silently in their hidden positions.

Time continued to pass when suddenly the silence was abruptly broken by a, “Psst” sound commonly made by Michael when he wanted to catch his team’s attention. Marcus Luttrell, author of Lone Survivor, looked up the hill after hearing this, and noted an exponentially larger force. The objective and their lives had been compromised. The SEALs remained hidden and silent when Luttrell noticed an insurgent that looked as if he may have him in his sights. Luttrell took his head off, causing all hell to break loose on the mountain. Marcus Luttrell described the gun and rocket propelled grenade fire as rain.

After a long hard fight, and the deaths of many insurgents, Danny Dietz and Matt Axelson had been wounded by gunfire. Noticing the casualties that his team had taken, Michael had decisions to make. He could hunker down with his unhealthy team and try to defeat a still much larger force, or he could attempt to call in for much needed help. At this moment, Michael did the unthinkable. Knowing that his phone would not get service under cover, Michael moved into a position, under gun fire and facing almost certain death to call help for his team. Luttrell notes in Lone Survivor, that Michael was shot through the back while on the phone. After being shot, Michael still managed to say, “Thank You” to the person he was communicating with, picked up his rifle, and continued to fight until he was mortally wounded. Along with Michael, Matt Axelson and Danny Dietz had been mortally wounded, leaving Marcus Luttrell as the only SEAL living on the mountain with enemies still surrounding the area.

Michael’s heroic actions on the mountain that day had saved the life of Marcus Luttrell. For his outstanding duty in support of the United States of America’s objectives, Michael had been awarded the Medal of Honor, the nation’s highest honor and award for valor in combat. He was the fourth Navy SEAL to earn the medal and the first to receive it from acts of valor in the war in Afghanistan. Michael was known to be one of the best SEAL officers that many SEALs have ever seen. Luttrell said, “Mikey was the best officer I ever knew, an iron-souled warrior of colossal and almost unbelievable courage in the face of the enemy.”

Michael is now buried at Calverton National Cemetery in Suffolk County, New York. He is remembered by his mother Maureen, father Dan, and brother John. His death will forever be remembered in the Naval Special Warfare Community, as he will always be known as one of the finest Navy SEALs and warriors to put boots on the battlefield. For those he loved, he sacrificed, and for that, we thank him.

Michael’s legacy is lived on by many. It is very safe to say that Michael has led an exemplary military career as a leader and special operations operator. Those that are in the military or plan on joining should look up to Michael Murphy and strive to be like him. Paper pusher, conventional warrior, or special operator, Michael displays traits that will lead others to success if taken in. If Michael was still alive, he would tell others to be all that they could be. Put family, country, and possibly religion first and look at life as if the sky is the limit, because it is. As our military and country moves forward, we need more brave men and women to take Michael’s place and further improve our military units. Michael has done a fantastic job as an officer and SEAL role model, and we are blessed to have men like him pave the way to greatness for us. “What is the point of being alive if you don’t at least try to do something remarkable?” – John Green

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Workplace Violence – Detect the Warning Signs & Triggering Events

Our other articles on workplace violence describe its nature and scope, our POSTAL formula and behavioral profile, and defusing techniques. Here we describe the warning signs and triggering events … and what to do when you detect them.

The POSTAL Formula for Workplace Violence Prevention:

Profile + Observable Warning Signs + Shotgun + Triggering Event(s) = Always Lethal

The Profile is most useful during the hiring process, to screen out potential perpetrators. For your existing workforce — and when dealing with outsiders — we turn to the…

Observable Warning Signs

These warning signs, which can be newly acquired negative traits, parallel and overlap the profile, but now we focus on current behavior. So, instead of a previous history of violence, our first warning sign is observed…

  1. Violent and Threatening Behavior
  2. For Patrick Sherrill (the first postal worker to “go postal” in 1986), it was tying up neighborhood dogs with bailing wire and a strong fascination for weapons.
    In general, this also includes:

  • Destruction of property or threats of sabotage
  • Disregard for the safety of others or violation of safety procedures
  • Threats, intimidation, bullying, e.g., Seung-Hui Cho of Virginia Tech and Harris and Klebold of Columbine (as both perpetrators and victims)
  • Violence against a family member, e.g., Mark Barton murdered his wife and children just before his Atlanta day-trading massacre
  • Stalking or harassing others. Cho was involved in at least three stalking incidents, the first occurring 18 months prior to his rampage. Also, he placed harassing phone calls to his roommate and took cell phone pictures of female students’ legs under their desks.

  • Strange Behavior
  • Patrick Sherrill’s neighbors noted his strange behavior in the neighborhood — mowing his lawn at midnight and peering into neighbor’s windows while wearing combat fatigues. His coworkers said he preferred his own company and described him as enigmatic. Cho was known as the question mark kid. He had an imaginary girlfriend who lived in outer space.

    In general, strange behavior can include:

    • Becoming reclusive, e.g., a sudden withdrawal from friends or acquaintances
    • Poor personal hygiene or a deteriorating and unkempt appearance
    • Inappropriate dress, e.g., Cho never took off his sunglasses, even indoors
    • Bizarre or paranoid behavior
    • Erratic behavior or an extreme change in behavior

  • Emotional Problems
  • For example, Patrick Sherrill was often angry and frequently depressed. A district court found Cho to be: “an imminent danger to himself as a result of mental illness.” Professors described him as insecure and depressed, as were the boys of Columbine. This also can include:

    • Drug or alcohol abuse
    • Appearing to be under unusual stress; signs of depression or despondence
    • Inappropriate emotional display, e.g., screaming, explosive outbursts, rage, crying

  • Performance Problems
  • Sherrill’s coworkers perceived him as a problem employee and a consistent non-performer. Virginia Tech declined to divulge details about Cho’s academic record, but Cho’s mother was increasingly concerned about his inattention to class work and his time spent out of the classroom. Performance problems also can include:

    • Inability to concentrate … decreased energy or focus
    • Deteriorating work performance
    • Attendance or tardiness problems
    • Increased need for supervision … coworkers have to take up his slack

  • Interpersonal Problems
  • Cho was described as awkward and lonely … arrogant and obnoxious … timid, dorky and pushy. Sherrill was a habitual complainer. This also can include:

    • Numerous conflicts with supervisors and other employees
    • Hypersensitivity or extreme suspiciousness
    • Resentment and frustration
    • Exaggerated perceptions of injustice

  • At the end of his rope
  • The last warning sign on our list is also the last warning sign a potential perpetrator probably will display. For example:

    • Has a plan to solve all problems. What do you think that plan might entail?
    • Indicators of impending suicide (e.g., selling property, closing Credit Union account).
    • Other indications of extreme desperation, marital discord, financial distress, etc.

    Cho purchased guns in the two months preceding his rampage, spent time at a local target range, began working out at the gym, and shaved his head military style. Also, there was the media package Cho sent to NBC News. [It was not received until after the massacre, of course, but wouldn’t his roommates have had some awareness of its preparation?]

    Shotgun

    The ‘S’ in our POSTAL formula simply is access to and familiarity with weapons — not only shotguns, but also handguns, rifles, explosives and knives (or box cutters). Also martial arts training.

    Patrick Sherrill had been a Marine sharpshooter and was a member of the National Guard marksmanship team. Cho and the boys of Columbine acquired this ability.

    Shotgun is not a warning sign. Hunters and gun collectors are not more likely to commit workplace violence, unless they’re obsessed with their guns. It’s just that, without access to and familiarity with weapons, that violence probably won’t be lethal.

    Triggering Event(s)

    The Triggering Event is the last straw or set of straws — experienced by the perpetrator as no way out, no more options. This could be:

    1. Job/Career Related
    2. Patrick Sherrill’s rampage appeared to be an act of revenge for a poor performance review. The morning before the murders, the senior supervisor threatened to terminate Sherrill … and he was scheduled to meet with his immediate supervisor the morning of the murders to discuss performance issues. Remember the significance of obsession with the job in the Profile.

      But job/career-related events — such as being disciplined or fired or even criticized — are only one type. It also can be…

    3. Institutional
    4. — foreclosure on a mortgage, bankruptcy, a restraining order or custody hearing.

    5. Personal Crisis
    6. For example, divorce, death in family or a failed or spurned romance — as it may have been for Eric Harris, whose girlfriend had recently broken up with him.

      It may even be a…

    7. Benchmark Date
    8. For example, turning 40 or a 10-year company anniversary … and feeling he’s going nowhere in life. Or the anniversary of some other event that is significant to the individual.

      The Columbine massacre occurred on April 20th. Do you know whose birthday that is? Adolf Hitler. Not a date most of us celebrate or even know, but significant to these two budding neo-Nazis.

    All of us have experienced one or more of these unpleasant events in our lives, which probably triggered negative feelings. Such events can trigger violence in those already primed for it, i.e., they fit the Profile and/or display the Observable Warning Signs.

    These events would tend to shake anyone’s sense of balance, at least temporarily. A violence-prone person already is unbalanced. The triggering event pushes him over the edge.

    Applying the Observable Warning Signs and Triggering Events

    Look for the Observable Warning Signs and Triggering Events as you:

    • Deal with your employees on a day-to-day basis
    • Interact with customers … and observe strangers

    How you handle individuals who exhibit the warning signs will vary considerably depending on the severity and situation. At a minimum, sit down and listen to the troubled employee or customer.

    The one absolute: Never Ignore!

    In the words of the husband of one of the victims at Lockheed-Martin:

    Obviously, he was a sick guy. I wish somebody had given him some help … before he destroyed my life and my kids’ life.

    Our prescription for preventing employee-initiated violence is:

    • Benevolent, motivational management practices [Some organizations are breeding grounds for violence.]
    • Appropriate use of counseling, EAP, disciplinary action, and/or law enforcement
    • Employee and management training — all employees need to know about the warning signs (and the anger-defusing techniques covered in our other article)
    • Sound security measures, which, at a minimum, eliminate Shotgun from the equation
    • And a zero-tolerance violence policy — effectively communicated and enforced

    A clarification about zero-tolerance: This term is often used to mean applying the same severe punishment for even minor offenses. That is not what we mean. Minor offenses and potential red flags should never be tolerated or ignored, but your response should be proportional and appropriate.

    The goal of this article has been to prevent violence from ever occurring at your workplace, at least as initiated by employees. Our “Defuse Hostility” article will show you how deal with outsiders and potentially violent incidents.

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    Personal Care Products Suited For Pregnant Women

    Women are especially vulnerable during pregnancy and that is why they must take extra care of their bodies during that period of time and up until they are nursing. It is not enough that a pregnant woman stays away from alcohol or smoking, everything that has to do with her body such as eating or even proper personal care habits must be watched vigilantly as it may affect the baby.

    In terms of using personal care products, a pregnant woman must place careful scrutiny over the items she chooses for the wrong personal care products might contain substances that could be harmful to her and to the baby as an after-effect. To help mothers-to-be out there who have no idea what personal care products to choose and what they should avoid and what they should look for in a product, here is a break-down of the most commonly used items by pregnant women and the substances they should and shouldn’t contain.

    1.) Soap – Soaps are the most commonly used product, not just by pregnant women but by everyone so the contents of the soap we use are especially important. We are exposed to it at least 5 times a week and frequent use of the wrong soap can cause harm to your skin-and to the baby for pregnant women. So what should soaps suited for pregnant women contain? Shea Butter, Palm Oil, Coconut Acid and Evening Primrose Oil or Lavender Oil, are good products to be found on a soap- ingredient list. What it shouldn’t contain are Isoeugenol, Hydroxycitronellal, D&C Violet 2, Linalool, Geraniol, Limonene, Coumarin, PEG-7 Glyceryl Cocoate and Benzone derivatives such as Oxybenzone, or Benzophenone-3, Benzyl alcohol, Paraben chemicals and Eugenol as these chemicals are known contributors to cancer, endocrine and organ system toxicity. One should also stay from soaps with added fragrances as they can contribute to skin irritation.

    2.) Toothpaste – For something we put into our mouths daily, toothpaste should be especially safe. Contents like Myrrh, Water, Propolis, a Calcium Carbonate Base are good while Papain, Alumina, Propyene Glycol and Methylparaben can cause allergies, neuro and organ system toxicity as well as developmental and reproductive toxicity, which can be really harmful to the baby.

    3.) Shampoo – Even shampoos can be harmful so it is good to also watch out for what you wash your hair with. Calcium Oxide, Sunflower Extract, Cinnamon scent, Rosemary Oil, Provitamin B5, Vitamin F, Wheat Proteins and Lemon are safe ingredients while shampoos containing Parabens such as BUTYLPARABEN, PROPYLPARABEN, METHYLPARABEN and Benzenes and Acids like Lactic acid, Salicylic Acid and Benzoic Acid are harmful to your hair and general health as they can cause the same health hazards such as cellular and biochemical mutation, developmental and reproductive, organ and neuro toxicity as well as certain cancers.

    Careful inspection of an over the counter item’s ingredient list is very important whether one is pregnant or not. With this knowledge that you now have on personal care items, you can be sure that you’ll be staying away from all the harmful substances you might be putting on your body.

    Buying from a credible store also helps prevent items containing suspicious ingredients from getting into your shopping cart. Make sure you are buying from a trust-worthy store before trying out any product.

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    John Deere Engine Serial Numbers Explained

    John Deere, like other engine manufacturers, uses its unique terminology and arrangements, to mark its products, and to assign part numbers. Understanding this marking categorization and system is crucial to part number identification, which is then used to select rebuild kits, components, and maintenance parts.

    A typical engine serial number looks like TO4045T123456. To better understand this number, it will be split into several parts. The first segment is the two initial letters “TO.” These two initial letters indicates two things:- one, which country was it manufactured in, and secondly, if it is Powertech or non-Powertech.

    All John Deere engines manufactured in Dubuque, Iowa, USA, are preceded by the letters “TO,” all engines preceded by “CD” are manufactured in Saran, a factory located in the Loiret area of France, and all engines manufactured in Torreon, Mexico, are preceded by the letters “PE.”

    The next set of numbers in the John Deere engine serial number are four (4) or (5) numbers and letters. In our example, this refers to “4045T.” This can be further sub-divided into the “4045” and the “T”. The 4045 indicated that this is 4045 model. The initial “4” indicates that its build with four (4) cylinders. The “T’ that’s comes after the engine model number tells that the engine has a turbocharger attached onto it, and thus this is a turbocharged engine. This factor is significant as turbocharged engines are designed differently from non-turbocharged engines. Most importantly, parts may not be interchanged between these two kinds of engines.

    The last set of six (6) numbers is the sequential number of the engines as it comes off the assembly line. If this number is 123456, then the next serial number of the next engine on the same assembly line will be 123457. This will continue until John Deere decides its time to upgrade or to build another model.

    There are many variations of the above serial number. The model 4045T can be marked 4045D. Here the “D” symbolizes that the engine is a diesel engine (some early John Deere’s were manufactured to operate on gas), and that’s it’s naturally aspirated, i.e., it’s not turbocharged. Thus, this serial number could have been TO4045D123456 and this would have been totally different from the TO4045T123456.

    The 4045 in serial numbers can also be 3152, 3164, 3179, 3029, 4202, 4219, 4239, 4039, 4276, 6303, 6329, 6059, 6414, 6068, 6414, 4270, 6404, 6466, or 6076. They can be followed by a “D”, a “T” or a “H.”

    The issue of how to identify which engines are PowerTech and which are not non-PowerTech often arises. This can be solved by further dissecting the John Deere serial number.

    For the engines made in Dubuque, Iowa, USA,(TO Engines) all engines with a sequence number more than 700,000 are all Powertech engines.

    For the engines made in Sarran, France,(CD engines) all engines with sequence serial number more than 500,000 are all Powertech engines.

    On the contrary, however,, all John Deere engines made in Torreon, Mexico, (PE engines) are PowerTech engines. This sequence serial number began with one thousand (1000). Thus, all PE PowerTech engines will have a sequence serial number of one thousand (1000) and up.

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    Finding the Best Crossbow in the Market – The PSE TAC 15i Vs. The Barnett Ghost 400

    Finding the best Crossbow in the Market – The PSE TAC 15i vs. The Barnett Ghost 400

    With the increasing number of crossbow models available in the market, it is necessary to compare the best brands and products. Currently, there are 2 leading products in the market, the PSE TAC 15i and the Barnett Ghost 400.

    The PSE TAC 15i

    In 2010, PSE released a new and exciting crossbow, the TAC 15i. This crossbow has a lot to offer. The accuracy it has is incomparable because it delivers astounding accuracy at 50 yards. The power it has also is something to be considered. At 402 Feet per second, the TAC 15i is simply amazing. In addition, it has several mechanisms such as the vibrack backstops that help minimize vibrations making the crossbow more smooth to operate and quieter in release.

    While most of the crossbows available require effort while cocking and loading, the TAC 15i has a cranking mechanism that requires only 12 lbs. Of force to crank. This makes it easy for owners to load and fire it. The crank also functions as an unloader which eliminates the necessity to fire the crossbow to unload it. The design also has several mountings for additional parts such as scopes, flashlights and bipods.

    On the downside, the TAC 15i crossbow is quite expensive and requires a special arrow that is specifically designed for the device. Moreover, it is not as compact as other crossbows available in the market as the TAC 15i resembles the AR rifle in size.

    The Barnett Ghost 400

    The Barnett Ghost 400 is a force to be reckoned with. With the patented Barnett ultra light laminated carbon riser, it is lightweight and easy to carry and aim. Because of its manner of construction, the crossbow is not only lightweight; It is also not top heavy. This helps hunters in aiming properly as well as adds accuracy in every shot.

    The quality of the materials also decrees the vibration of the crossbow making it 30% quieter and smoother to release. Safety, especially for clients who are new crossbow enthusiasts is a much needed factor and the Ghost 400 offers amazing 5 to 1 safety features not available in TAC 15i. The crossbow delivers 400 FPS power and has anti dry fire mechanism which means that one can not fire the crossbow without an arrow. The crossbow is not only powerful and accurate; Its price is also competitively priced compared to TAC 15i which makes it a hot commodity especially for beginning bow hunters.

    On the downside, the bow may be lightweight, but with a width of 24 inches, it is less compact than the TAC 15. Cocking the arrow is not also as convenient as TAC 15i because the Ghost 400 requires a rope to accomplish this.

    Conclusion

    In reality several factors like safety. Cost and power and accuracy are put into consideration when buying crossbows. In terms of power, and accuracy, TAC 15i tops the list. However, the Ghost 400 is superb in safety and value for money. One thing is for sure though, the TAC 15i and the Ghost 400 crossbow will continue to dominate the market.

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    Legal Issues of Pocket Knives in Canada

    When you picture a knife you either think of knives in your kitchen, the knives you use for everyday tools, and other times you think of them as deadly weapons. Knives are very useful tools and we need them on a daily basis. Whether you are a cook, a hunter, a fisherman or just need to cut open a box or cut a piece of rope, knives are very popular tools. However, even though they are considered useful tools, the Canadian Government believes there still needs to be laws to regulate the types of knives Canadians can own. In Canada some knives are illegal no matter what they are used for. If you live in Canada, how do you know the difference between a knife that is legal and ones that are illegal? It depends on the Canadian Federal laws, your local Canadian police department and your local provincial laws.

    The Canadian Criminal Code, Article 84 covers the laws regarding illegal knives. The article defines a weapon as any object designed to be used in causing death or injury to any person or anything designed to be used for the purpose of threatening or intimidating any person. By this definition a butter knife could be considered a weapon. However, having a knife on your person does not make it illegal. According to the law, a person with a knife must have the intention to use the knife as a weapon. With this said, you can’t be blind to the fact that any pocket knife can be threatening and can cause serious injury.

    The types of knives that are restricted in Canada are knives you can open automatically. An example would be a switchblade. Switch blades are folded knives that have their blade under spring tension. Some switchblades are side opening and others extend out the front. The blades on these knives are quickly deployed by pressing a button to release the tension on the spring quickly extending the blade. These knives are hard to be justified as being tools. How often would you buy a switch blade just to cut rope or open boxes? These knives were primarily designed to be weapons.

    Other knives prohibited by Canadian Law include knives that open automatically by gravity or centrifugal force. To determine if a knife falls under this law, police will try to release the blade out of the handle with only one hand. If the blade slides out then the knife is a considered an illegal weapon. The problem with this law is most modern pocket knives are designed to be opened with one hand. Manufacturers such as Gerber, SOG and Kershaw manufacture a large number of pocket knives that can be easily opened with one hand. So are these knives illegal in Canada? According to the Canadian Border Service Agency (CBSA) the following list of knife types are considered prohibited:

    • Automatic knives such as switchblades
    • Centrifugal knives such as flick knives or butterfly knives;
    • Gravity knives;
    • Constant Companion (belt-buckle knife)
    • Finger rings with blades or other sharp objects projecting from the surface;
    • Push daggers;
    • Spiked wristbands;

    According to the CBSA list, normal pocket knives do not fall within any of these categories. To determine if a knife is illegal in Canada comes down to common sense. If your knife is practical for use when camping, hunting or simply cutting a rope, then it is legal. But if the same knife is used to harm another person, then it is weapon. When a knife is used to harm another person a prosecutor can argue that a small pocket knife is a dangerous weapon since it was used to harm someone. Thus a knife of any type can become a problem even if used in self defense.

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    Top 10 Reasons Airsoft Is Better Than Paintball

    Any airsoft fanatic knows that the truly best military simulation sport out there is airsoft; however, some paintballers and non-players remain unaware of the benefits and advantages airsoft has over paintball. Here are the top 10 ways in which airsoft skirmishes trump paintball games:

    1. Airsoft game play is more realistic than paintball play.

    Airsoft guns look like real guns, so much so that legally airsoft manufacturers must include a 6mm orange tip at the end of the barrel to identify it as an airsoft gun and not a firearm. Airsoft guns resemble real firearms in many aspects: their barrels, machinery, magazines and accessories more closely mirror firearms than paintball guns.

    2. Shooting airsoft ammo allows for better accuracy than shooting with paintball ammo.

    Airsoft bbs are smaller than paintball pellets, so they experience less wind resistance and therefore, are more accurate. Airsoft bbs are less visible to the opponent because of their smaller size, which adds to their accuracy. Also, when playing paintball, players may see the larger paintball pellet flying toward them and can take cover accordingly, which decreases your hit percentage.

    3. Airsoft skirmishes are more tactical than paintball games.

    With the realism of the airsoft guns, tactics play a large part in their battles. Players really feel as though they are on the battle field and must act strategically and intelligently to win a skirmish. With the ability to release large rounds of airsoft ammo quickly, bum rushing opponents and sloppy strategy will lead to a quick defeat; therefore, designating a chain of command (see reason #7) is vital. The highly tactical aspect of airsoft battle helps transcend the sport into a milsim reality.

    4. Airsoft guns have greater usability than paintball guns.

    Airsoft guns vary in weight, ranging from as light as 2 pounds to heavier than 6 pounds. The ammo can be sized at.12 grams or as hefty as.28 grams; however,.20 gram airsoft bbs are the most common size. On the other hand, the average paintball gun on the light end weighs about 5 pounds and can reach more than 15 pounds for nicer, heavier-duty models. Maneuvering a paintball gun becomes clumsier and less agile than handling a lighter airsoft gun. Due to the lighter gun and airsoft bb weight, airsoft guns are easier to carry around, which increases their usability.

    5. Buying a quality airsoft gun is cheaper than getting a paintball gun.

    A quality electric starter airsoft gun costs around $22.95 and airsoft ammo is extremely cheap, too – $11.95 for a round of 4000 airsoft bbs. Paintball guns and ammo cost significantly more for comparable quality, around $79.95 for a beginner paintball gun. Paintball pellets also carry a bigger price tag at $59.98 for 4000 rounds of paintball ammunition.

    6. Rounding up a pickup game with airsoft guns is easier and less messy than assembling a paintball gathering.

    This airsoft skirmish advantage is pretty uncontested in the paintball verse airsoft world – it is much easier to get together an airsoft game than a paintball game. First, when playing airsoft, the location has fewer restrictions than when playing paintball. Playing airsoft is legal on private property, so you and a friend could easily have a one-on-one battle in someone’s big backyard or land. Second, airsoft play is much cheaper so it can be easier to rally people to play. Paintball play- because of the paint splatter – is much more restricted.

    7. In these games, having defined roles is important and commonly used.

    Airsoft skirmishes typically divide into two teams, with detailed and strategized roles for each player on the team. The main roles for airsoft battle include a team leader, tactical officer, rifleman, recon, sniper and heavy infantry; however, there are additional roles that can be designated to aid in the order on the field.

    Paintball play sometimes involves a chain of command, but the structure is much more flexible and open to interpretation than in airsoft. Paintball teams normally just separate into three classes: frontmen, mid-players and back players.

    Airsoft is a more realistic milsim game which explains why tactics, strategy and a defined hierarchical chain of command are used more frequently than in paintball games.

    8. There are more options to upgrade your gun in airsoft.

    As discussed in reason #1, quality airsoft guns are cheaper than paintball guns; therefore, it is easier (and less expensive) to update and upgrade your airsoft gun than a paintball gun. Beyond the lower cost of tricking out your airsoft gun, more options for upgrades exist. External upgrades like fore grips, scopes, sights and switches are available at affordable prices as well as internal upgrades to boost performance like nozzles, fuses and gearboxes.

    The best part about the low prices for airsoft parts and accessories is that you can get into the sport as a beginner without having to front a lot of money. Then, when you become more advanced, upgrading is easy and affordable.

    9. Airsoft bbs shoot faster than paintball pellets.

    Airsoft bbs fly at speeds of 150 to 600 feet per second (fps), with an average speed of over 300 fps, whereas paintball pellets only achieve speeds of 200 to 300 fps on average.

    10. The military practices with airsoft guns and ammo for training.

    Military personnel and police officers use airsoft guns during training before transitioning to real artillery. Just this month, officers in Dane County, Wisconsin used airsoft guns and rifles for their basic training at a closed-down public school.

    We think these are the top 10 reasons why our sport is better than paintball, but we’re sure you airsoft aficionados know many more!

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    Tactical Assassin 2 Game Walkthrough

    Warning: You are about to enter a dark world of an assassin. Killing, murdering, and assassinating target stickmen is your profession, and you are a professional. Tactical Assassin 2 is a classic stickman sniper game. It isn’t a tough game to complete, but it does have a few tricky missions. If you have been playing this game for 2 hours and for the life of you cannot pass level nine, you should keep reading this article as I will walk you through on how to complete Tactical Assassin 2.

    Mission 1 is an easy training mission. You are given a Winchester.308 rifle with a Tasco 4×15 scope. Your targets will popup randomly every few seconds so keep your eyes open! You must hit six of them to move on to the next mission.

    Mission 2 is called “A New trust.” Your target is a militia member that assassinated 2 key allies of the organization called F.M.G. Intel confirms he is sitting at a local coffee house. Your target is the stickman on the right that is smoking a cigar. Easy money!

    Mission 3 is called “Brotherhood.” Your boss likes your work and has assigned you to assassinate one of the King Brothers and the forensic specialist. Both targets are sitting on a bench in the park. Remember the code of Snipers. “One shot, one kill.” So wait for just a few seconds and when the KB stickmen sits up and both of their heads are aligned, take the shot!

    Mission 4 is called “A New Lead.” Our boss is having a hard time locating the last two remaining KB members. But we do have a lead. In order to get the information, we must assassinate a doctor for reasons our source wants to remain unknown. He will be leaving his office shortly. The doctor is an easy kill.

    Mission 5 is called “Full House.” We have word from the “Fox” that one of the KB brothers is hosting a poker game at his house. Your target is the stickman sitting closest to the window, back to you, drinking with his right hand.

    Mission 6 is called “Airliner.” Fox has given us intel that the last remaining KB brother is staying in Iraq and about to walk out of the plane. We must eliminate him and his bodyguard. The body guard is standing underneath the wing of the plane. Wait until the KB brother walks down the stairs and infront of the bodyguard, then shoot him. After killing the bodyguard without the KB seeing you, take him out.

    Mission 7 is called “Disruption.” An Iraqi forensics specialist is close on closing the case of recent bombings by the FMG. This forensics agent must be eliminated. You will be positioned on the roof of an adjacent building. Your target’s room is the middle one on the top floor. First shoot the satellite tv dish on the roof. Your target will then get up and walk through the window view giving you the opportunity to take him out.

    Mission 8 is called “Last Speech.” You have been giving a powerful.50 caliber sniper rifle. Your target is a Spanish politician who is giving a speech protected by thick glass. This is your change to eliminate him.

    Mission 9 is called “The Boom-man.” Boom-man is a high profile assassin in Iraq responsible for many bombings. Your mission is to distract the guards so that the Boom-man can plant bombs on the vehicle. You must not shoot anyone. Mission is quite tricky as you have a limited amount of time. First look up and notice the guard under a tree. Shoot the tree to distract him. Next, look down and to the right for a bottle near the door of the garage. Shoot it to distract the second guard. Third, look down to the right of the garage and you will notice a guard on the car and an electronics box just to the right of the garage door. Shoot the box to distract the third guard. Then watch as the Boom-man plants the bomb on the car and blows it up!

    The End! Hopefully this article has helped you pass this cool assassin game!

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    Parker Bushwacker Crossbow Vs Wicked Ridge Warrior Crossbow

    Parker Bushwhacker crossbows is manufactured by Parker – one of the largest manufacturers of compound bows. It is intended to give hunting enthusiasts value for their money by combining style and safety in its design. Considered to be at entry level, the Bushwhacker is ultra light in weight with a vented forearm as well as a safety finger flange and pistol grip for easy use. Other features include a G2 trigger, aggressive stock styling with auto engage and ambidextrous safety. An additional significant feature of the Parker Bushwhacker is its anti dry fire device. Not all manufacturers include this device in its products. Dry firing or firing without bows or arrows can cause damage to the limb so it is important to integrate an anti dry fire mechanism.

    On the other hand, the Wicked Ridge Warrior is a product of Tenpoint. It provides precise performance without costing you too much money. Its CNC machine riser guarantees superior strength and quality. Tenpoint is known for its patent technologies that are incorporated in every product it manufactures. These technologies include the Ridge dot to allow hunters to shoot with precision as well as Acra-Angle technology that ensures accuracy in cocking while preventing any injury from occurring. The PowerTouch trigger gives a quiet, smooth and consistent trigger pull. Furthermore, it also integrates an anti dry firing mechanism to avoid dry firing. This is really important since it can prevent from the string to wear out as quickly and as well to prevent any incidents from occurring.

    Both types of crossbows enjoy immense popularity and positive reviews from consumers. Reviews claim that the Parker Bushwhacker is very lightweight, compact and easy to handle or move around. It provides accurate shooting with no excessive noise compared to other brands. With its low price, consumers get a quality product and still have extra money to buy other items for hunting. Aside from its features, consumers also commend the lifetime warranty offered by Parker as compared to the limited warranty by other manufacturers.

    With Tenpoint’s reputation, consumers are assured of getting a quality product. It shoots with exact precision and great penetration. It is also easy to draw and use. This is also lightweight that even children can use it. So if you want to get extra savings, you can choose either the Parker Bushwhacker or Tenpoint’s Wicked Ridge Warrior. They are good entry-level crossbows, and good quality products that come in affordable prices.

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    Barnett Quad 400 Crossbow – An Accurate And Powerful Hunting Weapon

    While shooting a weapon like a crossbow at either a static target or a moving one, you need to have one thing on your side – accuracy. Since the time of the very first crossbow design, sportsmen and hunting enthusiasts have kept on trying to improve the accuracy of this formidable weapon. Even today, many manufacturers are tinkering with their bow design in order to keep making improvements for the user. One such manufacturer is Barnett, a top maker of a powerful line of crossbows for archery and hunting. One of their latest creations is called the Barnett Quad 400 crossbow. This is one mean shooting machine.

    The Barnett Company is known for their innovations in crossbow making and this model is no exception. One of their innovations for this one is the high-density gas assist composite stock, which makes this crossbow lighter to carry and a lot more comfortable than a previous model. Of course, when you are holding such a high-powered weapon for a long period of time, you do not want to suffer from arm fat before you have even had the chance to enjoy using it. That's why the Barnett Quad 400 crossbow is such a good deal for those who are looking for an affordable crossbow that has both comfort and power.

    Now one of the things that some people struggle with when handling a crossbow for the first time is the cocking mechanism. This does take some skill and practice, especially for new crossbow owners. The Barnett Quad 400 crossbow comes with an integrated cocking device attachment that makes it a lot easier to get your arrows into the quiver and hold them steady. This all contributes to the accuracy of using this particular shooting machine. The redesign has become a winner among Avid crossbow users as they have rated this model pretty high for speed and accuracy. Now, as with any other weapon of this nature, the user has to be sure of how to properly handle it before really jumping into full-blown shooting.

    Many beginning crossbow users think that shooting this way is just like it is in the movies. How hard can it be to pick up a bow, put an arrow in the quiver, aim, shoot and hit the target? Most think that they'll quickly be hitting their mark without too much of an effort. However, once they actually pick up and prepare to use a bow with such big power like the Barnett Quad 400 crossbow, they have a newfound respect for how much skill it really takes to become good at shooting the crossbow. It's highly recommended that anyone who is thinking of getting themselves a crossbow and going out to hunt or just target shoot, should be prepared to spend a lot of time getting used to using this type of shooting machine. Practice will make a world of difference in the amount of accuracy that can be achieved.

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